No. 1 Violation: Fall Protection
Fall Protection once again retains its No. 1 position on this important list. These violations are associated with the Fall Protection rules of OSHA 1926.501, which sets forth requirements for employers to provide fall protection systems for its employees. This category had the largest increase in violations in the top 10, posting 578 more incidents than last year.
There were a total of 6,721 violations issued in this category.
No. 2 Violation: Hazard Communication
Hazard Communication remained in the No. 2 position. The purpose of this group of rules is to ensure the hazards of all chemicals produced or imported are classified — and that information concerning the classified hazards is properly transmitted to employers and employees. The requirements of 1910.1200 are consistent with the provisions of the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS), Revision 3. The good news here is that this year's total number of violations was 31 less than last year.
There were a total of 5,192 violations issued in this category.
No. 3 Violation: Scaffolding
Violations related to Scaffolding use are still widespread across many industries. It’s important to note that the rules of 1926.451 do not apply to aerial lifts — the criteria for which are set out exclusively in 1926.453. Unfortunately, the number of violations increased by 266 over last year's total.
There were a total of 4,295 violations issued in this category.
No. 4 Violation: Respiratory Protection
The rules of 1910.134, which focus on Respiratory Protection, apply to General Industry (part 1910), Shipyards (part 1915), Marine Terminals (part 1917), Longshoring (part 1918), and Construction (part 1926). Violations associated with respiratory protection requirements apply to many different trades in the construction industry as well as plant/facility workers. An additional 82 violations were issued in this category this year, as compared to last year's listing.
Overall, there were 3,305 violations issued in this category.
No. 5 Violation: Lockout/Tagout
Lockout/Tagout rules are vitally important for many different types of employees. Standard 1910.147 establishes minimum performance requirements for the control of such hazardous energy. This standard covers the servicing and maintenance of machines and equipment in which the unexpected energization or startup of the machines or equipment — or release of stored energy — could harm employees. This category showed the second highest increase in violations, with 298 more incidents reported than last year. This category saw an increase in the number of violations by nearly 300.
There were a total of 3,002 violations issued in this category.
No. 6 Violation: Powered Industrial Trucks
Although violations associated with Powered Industrial Trucks don’t often come to mind when thinking about electrical work, OSHA issues a lot of citations in this area. Section 1910.178 contains safety requirements relating to fire protection, design, maintenance, and use of fork trucks, tractors, platform lift trucks, motorized hand trucks, and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines. The number of violations for this category increased by nearly 100 this year.
There were a total of 2,760 violations issued in this category.
No. 7 Violation: Ladders
Section 1926.1053 applies to all Ladders, including job-made ladders. These rules apply to many different plants/facilities as well as all types of construction sites. This category moved up one place on the ranking from last year. The good news is that the total number of violations increased by a small margin as compared to last year — an additional 41 violations.
There were a total of 2,489 violations issued in this category.
No. 8 Violation: Electrical Wiring Methods
The good news here is that this “electrically focused” category dropped one place in the rankings from last year. Section 1910.305 focuses on Electrical Wiring Methods, components, and equipment for general use. It does not, however, apply to conductors that are an integral part of factory-assembled equipment. There were 86 fewer violations issued for this category as compared to last year's listing.
There were a total of 2,404 violations issued in this category.
No. 9 Violation: Machine Guarding
As noted in 1910.212, one or more methods of Machine Guarding shall be provided to protect the operator and other employees in the machine area from hazards such as those created by point of operation, ingoing nip points, rotating parts, flying chips and sparks. Examples of guarding methods include barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices, and electronic safety devices. This category saw an increase of 95 violations this year.
There were a total of 2,295 violations issued in this category.
No. 10 Violation: General Electrical Requirements
General Electrical Requirements stayed the same as last year, rounding out the top 10 listing. 1910.303 focuses on the proper installation and use of electrical conductors and equipment. The good news is this category posted the largest decrease in the top 10, with 83 fewer incidents reported in 2015 than 2014.
There were a total of 1,973 violations issued in this category.