No. 1: Fall Protection
As it has for the last several years, Fall Protection retains its No. 1 position on the list. These violations are associated with the Fall Protection rules of OSHA 1926.501, which sets forth requirements for employers to provide fall protection systems for its employees. Unfortunately, this category posted 1,648 more incidents than last year. There were a total of 7,216 violations issued in this category.
No. 2: Hazard Communication
Again this year, Hazard Communication remained in the No. 2 position. The purpose of this group of rules is to ensure the hazards of all chemicals produced or imported are classified — and that information concerning the classified hazards is properly transmitted to employers and employees. The requirements of 1910.1200 are consistent with the provisions of the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS), Revision 3. This category posted 376 more incidents than last year. There were a total of 4,537 violations issued in this category.
No. 3: Scaffolding
Violations related to Scaffolding use are still widespread across many industries. It’s important to note that the rules of 1926.451 do not apply to aerial lifts — the criteria for which are set out exclusively in 1926.453. The bad news here is that this year's total number of violations was 48 more than last year in this category. There were a total of 3,319 violations issued in this category.
No. 4: Respiratory Protection
The rules of 1910.134, which focus on Respiratory Protection, apply to General Industry (part 1910), Shipyards (part 1915), Marine Terminals (part 1917), Longshoring (part 1918), and Construction (part 1926). Violations associated with respiratory protection requirements apply to many different trades in the construction industry as well as plant/facility workers. There were 21 more violations issued in this category this year compared to last year. Overall, there were 3,112 violations issued in this category.
No. 5: Lockout/Tagout
Lockout/Tagout rules are vitally important for many different types of employees. Standard 1910.147 establishes minimum performance requirements for the control of such hazardous energy. This standard covers the servicing and maintenance of machines and equipment in which the unexpected energization or startup of the machines or equipment — or release of stored energy — could harm employees. There were 67 more incidents reported in this category as compared to last year. There were a total of 2,923 violations issued in this category.
No. 6: Ladders
Section 1926.1053 applies to all Ladders, including job-made ladders. These rules apply to many different plants/facilities as well as all types of construction sites. Unfortunately, there were 571 more violations issued in this category this year, as compared to last year's listing. There were a total of 2,780 violations issued in this category.
No. 7: Powered Industrial Trucks
Although violations associated with Powered Industrial Trucks don’t often come to mind when thinking about electrical work, OSHA issues a lot of citations in this area. Section 1910.178 contains safety requirements relating to fire protection, design, maintenance, and use of fork trucks, tractors, platform lift trucks, motorized hand trucks, and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines. The number of violations in this category went up by 132 over last year. There were a total of 2,281 violations issued in this category.
No. 8: Fall Protection — Training Requirements
By US Department of Labor [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Section 1926.503 focuses on Fall Protection – Training Requirements. The employer shall provide a training program for each employee who might be exposed to fall hazards. The program shall enable each employee to recognize the hazards of falling and shall train each employee in the procedures to be followed in order to minimize these hazards. There were a total of 1,978 violations issued in this category, which is 459 more than last year.
No. 9: Machine Guarding
As noted in 1910.212, one or more methods of Machine Guarding shall be provided to protect the operator and other employees in the machine area from hazards such as those created by point of operation, ingoing nip points, rotating parts, flying chips and sparks. Examples of guarding methods include barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices, and electronic safety devices. This category saw an increase of 39 violations this year. There were a total of 1,969 violations issued in this category.
No. 10: Personal Protective and Lifesaving Equipment — Eye and Face Protection
This violation category is new to the top 10 list this year. Section 1926.102 focuses on Eye and Face Protection. The employer shall ensure that each affected employee uses appropriate eye or face protection when exposed to eye or face hazards from flying particles, molten metal, liquid chemicals, acids or caustic liquids, chemical gases or vapors, or potentially injurious light radiation. There were a total of 1,528 violations issued in this category.