© Chernetskaya | Dreamstime.com
Cover Image 60afcc77c6313

EC&M Tech Talk Video — All About Boxes

Sept. 29, 2021
In this video (Episode 6), Randy Barnett takes viewers through the background and requirements for typical boxes used in the electrical trade.

In this episode of “EC&M Tech Talk,” Randy Barnett, a journeyman electrician, electrical instructor, inspector, author, trainer, and electrical safety expert, takes viewers through the background and requirements for typical boxes used in the electrical trade. 

A box, which can be metallic or nonmetallic, is used to enclose conductors and oftentimes devices such as switches and receptacles. Article 314 of the National Electrical Code “Outlet, Device, Pull & Junction Boxes, Conduit Bodies, Fittings & Handholes” addresses the specific boxes listed in Sec. 314.1 Scope.

Information in the video is also taken from the UL White Book, a periodic guide providing information about electrical equipment regarding listing or labeling requirements. For example, all metal boxes except for those constructed of aluminum alloys have corrosion protection that allows them to be installed in concrete. An explanation is provided for the term “Extra Duty” as required by the NEC. Markings on cable clamps used inside of a box provide the installer specifics about the type of cables that can be used with the clamp. The UL White Book can be a valuable tool for those specifying electrical boxes and clamps as well as the installer.

Sizing a box for a particular application requires use of tables in the Code. Tables 310.16(A) and (B) are discussed, including how they are used to size boxes. Standard size metal boxes appear in the first table, giving users the volume in cubic inches of these boxes. The second table provides the volume allowed in the box for given AWG sizes of conductors. The total volume allowance for conductors cannot exceed the total volume of the box – or a larger size box must be chosen. New requirements in the 2020 NEC regarding volume allowances for equipment grounding conductors are also explained in the video.

Whether used as a review for experienced electrical workers or information for those just entering the trade, this Tech Talk episode can provide sound basic information on boxes used in electrical installations.  

About the Author

Randy Barnett | Certified Electrical Safety Compliance Professional

Barnett is an NFPA-certified electrical safety compliance professional with more than 35 years of industrial electrical construction, maintenance and training experience. He has worked as a journeyman electrician in nuclear and coal-fired power plants, on railroad locomotives and in various manufacturing environments. He is the author of “Commercial and Industrial Wiring” from ATP Publishers, the EC&M Book, “Introduction to Industrial Electrical Maintenance” and numerous articles. Randy conducts electrical code and safety classes worldwide and holds the NCPCCI General Electrical Inspector Certificate. He can be reached at [email protected].

Voice your opinion!

To join the conversation, and become an exclusive member of EC&M, create an account today!

Sponsored Recommendations

Electrical Conduit Comparison Chart

CHAMPION FIBERGLASS electrical conduit is a lightweight, durable option that provides lasting savings when compared to other materials. Compare electrical conduit types including...

Fiberglass Electrical Conduit Chemical Resistance Chart

This information is provided solely as a guide since it is impossible to anticipate all individual site conditions. For specific applications which are not covered in this guide...

Considerations for Direct Burial Conduit

Installation type plays a key role in the type of conduit selected for electrical systems in industrial construction projects. Above ground, below ground, direct buried, encased...

How to Calculate Labor Costs

Most important to accurately estimating labor costs is knowing the approximate hours required for project completion. Learn how to calculate electrical labor cost.