Construction employment grew in 61% of the 358 largest U.S. metropolitan areas between March 2018 and March 2019, declined in 23% and was unchanged in 16%, according to analysis of federal employment data released by the Associated General Contractors of America (AGC).
Meanwhile, new federal data on construction spending showed mixed results, as a steep decline in single-family homebuilding offset increases in multifamily and nonresidential construction.
Association officials said the continuing demand for most construction underscores the need for federal enactment of immigration reforms to boost the supply of workers. "Fewer metros than in recent months recorded construction employment gains over the past year," said Ken Simonson, the association's chief economist. "However, the ongoing increase in spending on most categories of construction suggests that the lack of job growth is more likely due to a scarcity of qualified workers rather than a slowing of demand. In fact, there was a record number of job openings in construction going into March."
The Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz. metro area added the most construction jobs during the past year (13,800 jobs, 11%). Other metro areas adding large numbers of construction jobs during the past 12 months include Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga. (7,600 jobs, 6%); Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (7,400 jobs, 5%); Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, Nev. (6,600 jobs, 11%); and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (6,400 jobs, 6%). The largest percentage gain occurred in Monroe, Mich. (26%, 500 jobs), followed by Chico, Calif. (22%, 800 jobs).
The largest job losses between March 2018 and March 2019 occurred in Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Ill. (-3,100 jobs, -3%), followed by Kansas City, Kans. (-2,000 jobs, -10%); Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, Calif. (-2,000 jobs, -2%); and Baton Rouge, La. (-1,800 jobs, -3%). The largest percentage decrease took place in Danville, Ill. (-20%, -100 jobs), followed by Niles-Benton Harbor, Mich. (-19%, -500 jobs).
"Construction spending totaled $1.282 trillion in March, down 0.9 percent from February and down 0.8 percent from March 2018," Simonson noted. "However, the yearly decline was confined to single-family homebuilding, which fell by 8.4 percent over 12 months. At the same time, new multifamily construction spending jumped by 11 percent, private nonresidential spending increased by 2.1 percent and public construction spending rose 8.6 percent. The record 286,000 job openings at the end of February shows there were still plenty of projects needing workers in March."
Association officials said that federal officials can help ensure more metro areas have enough trained workers to carry out needed construction by providing a way for contractors to bring qualified guest workers into the country, coupled with strict safeguards for American jobs and reduced incentives for individuals to enter the country illegally. They urged Congress and the president to enact legislation such as the recently introduced Workforce for an Expanding Economy Act.